As traditionally used in the West, the terms East and West imply that the two are somehow of equal importance. While that might be arguable in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries it was certainly not true during the long reaches of human history prior to the nineteenth century. By BCE the globe supported four major centers of civilization: the Chinese, the Indian, the Near Eastern, and the Western, considering Greek culture antecedent to what eventually became the West. Of the four the West was probably the least impressive in terms of territory, military power, wealth, and perhaps even traditional culture. Certainly this was the case after the fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD.
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Agricultural origins cannot at present be conclusively proven to have begun close to 10, years ago when additional evidence for agriculture extends further back in prehistory. What can be unequivocally stated is that agriculture had already emerged several times in numerous parts of the world in the last 12, to 20, years, and possibly as early as 50, years ago, with the last 6, years producing the most evidence for this cultural phenomenon. New findings challenge the hypothesis that humans first began as hunter-gatherers and later evolved to agriculturists some 10, years ago-a hypothesis that at present has no solid basis in proof, yet is readily believed by many. Genetic manipulation of plants, particularly cereal grains, occurred at some point in prehistory by people who already had the knowledge to do so. These same people created a vital and lasting human food source, no doubt for very specific reasons. In each of the major areas of the world where plants and animals were domesticated, we find legends, both written and oral, describing the origin of agriculture as a gift of the gods, culture-bearers who taught indigenous peoples agriculture and the sciences of civilization.
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No This book should be returned on or before the date last stamped below. An overdue charge of 25 Paise per day will be charged for the first t wo days and 50 Paise from the third day. New Delhi Phone : No one of the many books concerning the Orient fur- nishes a comprehensive survey of Oriental in comparison with and in its relation to Occidental culture. The casual and superficial which pour from the presses descriptions need not detain us here.