Mostly constructed between and , it stands at the site of at least five cathedrals that have occupied the site since Chartres became a bishopric in the 4th century. It is in the Gothic and Romanesque styles. The cathedral is well-preserved for its age: the majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact, while the architecture has seen only minor changes since the early 13th century. Since at least the 12th century the cathedral has been an important destination for travellers. It remains so to the present, attracting large numbers of Christian pilgrims, many of whom come to venerate its famous relic, the Sancta Camisa , said to be the tunic worn by the Virgin Mary at Christ's birth, as well as large numbers of secular tourists who come to admire the cathedral's architecture and historical merit.
Chartres: the Virgin Mary’s Seat on Earth
Chartres Cathedral - AP Art History
Chartres Cathedral, France. The prototype of Gothic cathedrals in France and a treasure trove of medieval art of the 12th century. For more about the evolution of construction design, see: History of Architecture 3, BCE - present. Flying buttresses at Chartres. These Gothic supports absorbed the downward and outward thrust of the vault, allowing the walls to rise higher and contain more stained glass. West Portal at Chartres, covered in narrative relief sculpture.
Chartres Cathedral Before 1194
Chartres Cathedral , also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres, is a medieval Catholic cathedral of the Latin Church located in the medieval town of Chartres about 80 kilometers southwest of Paris. Not only is Chartres Cathedral one of the greatest achievements in the history of architecture, it is almost perfectly preserved in its original design and details. From a distance it seems to hover in mid-air above waving fields of wheat , and it is only when the visitor draws closer that the city comes into view, clustering around the hill on which the cathedral stands. The south spire is a meter foot plain Romanesque pyramid dating from the s, while the north is a meter feet early 16th-century Flamboyant Gothic spire on top of an older tower.
In , Malcolm Miller will have been the official English-speaking guide at Chartres Cathedral fig. He has twice been knighted for his services to Chartres — firstly by the French Republic and secondly by the Ministry of Culture. He spoke to Vidimus last month.